There are two areas of study in the Level 8 curriculum for Geography: Landforms and landscapes and Changing nations. Geography is part of the Integrated Studies Program. Some suggestions for English skills teaching are included in the week-by-week table below.

Landforms and LandscapesEdit

Landforms and landscapes focuses on investigating geomorphology through a study of landscapes and their landforms. This area of study examines the processes that shape individual landforms, the values and meanings placed on landforms and landscapes by diverse cultures, hazards associated with landscapes, and management of landscapes. Landforms and landscapes develop students’ understanding of the concept of environment and enables them to explore the significance of landscapes to people, including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples. These distinctive aspects of landforms and landscapes are investigated using studies drawn from Australia and throughout the world..

Changing NationsEdit

Changing nations investigates the changing human geography of countries, as revealed by shifts in population distribution. The spatial distribution of population is a sensitive indicator of economic and social change, and has significant environmental, economic and social effects, both negative and positive. The area of study explores the process of urbanisation and draws on a study of Indonesia to show how urbanisation interconnects with the economies and societies in low and middle-income countries. It investigates the reasons for the high level of urban concentration in Australia, one of the distinctive features of Australia’s human geography, and compares Australia with the United States of America. The redistribution of population resulting from internal migration is examined through case studies of Australia and China, and is contrasted with the way international migration reinforces urban concentration in Australia. The area of study then examines issues related to the management and future of Australia’s urban areas.

Geographical Knowledge and SkillsEdit

The content of this level is organised into two strands:

Geographical Knowledge and Understanding and Geographical Inquiry and Skills. These strands are interrelated and should be taught in an integrated manner, and in ways that are appropriate to specific local contexts. The order and detail in which they are taught are programming decisions.

Key inquiry questionsEdit

A framework for developing students’ geographical knowledge, understanding and skills is provided through the inclusion of inquiry questions and specific inquiry skills, including the use and interpretation of maps, photographs, digital resources and other representations of geographical data.

The key inquiry questions for Level 8 are articulated below.

How do environmental and human processes affect the characteristics of places and environments?

How do the interconnections between places, people and environments affect the lives of people?

What are the consequences of changes to places and environments and how can these changes be managed?